Design Thinking: A Left-Brain Viewpoint

Constraints foster creativity. In this case, my own limitations. At the core, I am an analyst, a conceptual thinker used to dealing with words rather than images. Most of my best service design work so far has furthermore been done using traditional survey methods rather than the kind of innovative methods promoted by designers like Tim Brown or Katja Tschimmel. And, to be honest, that approach has worked for me really well – so far. The fact is, however, that I am nevertheless utterly fascinated by this new toolkit, as its visual approaches to innovation at first seem so alien to me, yet they work. They work for me, as they do for others.

LibSD_v1

So what is in design thinking for the kind of an academic Brown frequently mentions as his opposite in thinking throughout Change by Design? The easy answer is ”a lot”. The real answer is: even more than that. First and foremost, it is about understanding. Understanding the customers, understanding the organization, understanding one’s own limitations. There is something very effective – and compelling – in the visual approaches that let everyone have their say. This fosters empathy, insight and creativity. As Brown notes, empathy is what sets apart design thinking from an academic approach. The two approaches are not, however, polar opposites, because effective design flows in a diamond-like pattern of divergence and convergence, and at least my experience says that at the convergence stages, the academic, analytic approach may come in rather handy. Especially for an academic who, like me, has been a divergent thinker already.

DivergentPhase_v1

Figure 2 – A divergent phase

Second, design thinking is about playing with strengths – strengths of the individual, strengths of the group. Here and there in his book, Brown intriguingly shows that some of what he recommends as useful methodology may stem from his own way of thinking rather than the innate efficiency of the methods themselves. In effect, because most influential designers have been of a visually thinking, non-academic bent, the methods of design thinking have become, almost as dogma, explicitly visual. Is this a bad thing? I would argue no, not as long as the dogma does not become exclusivist. I think Brown would agree, as while he mocks academics now and then, he also acknowledges that there is potential in fusing the strengths of design thinking with more traditional research methods. Most importantly, the design thinker’s visual approach works, so what do its origins matter?

At the core, nevertheless, limiting oneself to the tools of just one paradigm may be a good thing – constraints, after all, inspire creativity. Likewise, it fits the duty to experiment and the right to fail: why use a convergent magic bullet, when the results of a bunch of “might work” concepts will almost inevitably turn out to be much more interesting? I may be an academic, but years of divergent co-authoring have taught me to instantly appreciate what visual co-design has to offer.

References:

Brown, T. 2009. Change by design: How design thinking can transform organizations and inspire innovation. New York, United States: HarperCollins.

Jones, M. & Samalionis, F. 2009. From small ideas to radical service innovation. In Lockwood, T. (ed.) Design Thinking. New York, United States: Allworth Press, 185-196.

Tschimmel, K. 2012. Design thinking as an effective toolkit for innovation. In Proceedings of the XXIII ISPIM Conference: Action for Innovation: Innovating from Experience. Barcelona, Spain.

J. Tuomas Harviainen, information systems researcher & first year SID student

2 thoughts on “Design Thinking: A Left-Brain Viewpoint

  1. I like the approach you have taken here. There has been discussion how so called traditional thinking can benefit from design thinking, so why not look at it from the other perspective as well; what traditional thinking can bring into design thinking. I would also think that there’s more potential in a diverse group of innovators with different strengths and ways of understanding.
    As I’m not so familiar with the academic world, I would be interested to know what’s your experience on how difficult, or easy, it is or would be to present new ways of visual design thinking approaches in the academic field?

  2. Well, the academic response seems to frankly depend heavily on the field in question, and especially on how design-oriented they are. For example, younger fields such as simulation and game studies has been quite positive towards this, which has also allowed some of us to directly combine the topics (for example, http://servicedesigngamestudies.wordpress.com/call-for-papers-service-design-games-special-issue-of-simulation-gaming/).

    Some other fields are sort of open to it as well, but usually more interested in analyzing results and not really caring about how the initial innovation was created (i.e., they function at the other end of the process). An interesting exception is management studies, which has since Herbert Simon in the late 60’s (and especially since Henry Mintzberg a decade later) been talking strongly about designing organizations, yet often seems very resistant to any such designs in actual practice.

    Personally, I see the visual design thinking and academic thinking tools usually indeed operating at different parts of an innovation’s lifespans, even when dealing with a very similar topic. I do, however, believe that we will be seeing an increasing number of design thinking’s ethnographic methods enter the palette of also academic uses of ethnography. And that’s going to produce some very interesting combinations and results, for both.

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